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“If ultimately this happened, this is effectively 'Atlas Shrugged.' This becomes a Mecca for entrepreneurs from all over America,” he said.....the sad thing is I think he actually believe this! what a joke
........Supereruptions are extremely rare, with recurrence intervals of 100,000–200,000 years; none have occurred historically, the most recent examples being Indonesia’s Toba volcano, which erupted 74,000 years ago, and the United States’ Yellowstone caldera, which erupted 2 million years ago. Interestingly, these calculations strongly suggest that present-day annual anthropogenic CO2 emissions may exceed the CO2 output of one or more supereruptions every year.
Supereruptions are a significant contributor to adding CO2 to the atmosphere on geologic time scales. Yet they pale by comparison to human emissions. Yes, you read that right — while supereruptions only happen every 100,000 to 200,000 years or so, we’re presently adding CO2 to the atmosphere at a rate of one or more supereruptions every year.
Those who continue to claim that volcanic activity puts more CO2 into the atmosphere than human activity (including Ian Plimer) have been corrected — many times — by those who actually do the research. Yet the claim, like a zombie, refuses to die. Those who cling to it do so, not just out of ignorance, but out of willful ignorance.
Which emits more carbon dioxide (CO2): Earth’s volcanoes or human activities? Research findings indicate unequivocally that the answer to this frequently asked question is human activities. However, most people, including some Earth scientists working in fields outside volcanology, are surprised by this answer. The climate change debate has revived and reinforced the belief, widespread among climate skeptics, that volcanoes emit more CO2 than human activities [Gerlach, 2010; Plimer, 2009]. In fact, present-day volcanoes emit relatively modest amounts of CO2, about as much annually as states like Florida, Michigan, and Ohio.
Gerlach surveys the literature and reports the scientific findings:
Global estimates of the annual present-day CO2 output of the Earth’s degassing subaerial and submarine volcanoes range from 0.13 to 0.44 billion metric tons (gigatons) per year [Gerlach, 1991; Allard, 1992; Varekamp et al., 1992; Sano and Williams, 1996; Marty and Tolstikhin, 1998]; the preferred global estimates of the authors of these studies range from 0.15 to 0.26 gigaton per year. Other aggregated volcanic CO2 emission rate estimates — published in 18 studies since 1979 as subaerial, arc, and mid-oceanic ridge estimates — are consistent with the global estimates.
Considering that human activity released some 30 Gt CO2 into the atmosphere last year, human emissions are likely 100 (or more) times as large as volcanic emissions. Those who make claims about the Mt. Pinatubo explosion emitting more CO2 than all of human activity for all time, should be made aware that the estimated CO2 emissions from Mt. Pinatubo are 0.05 Gt CO2, about the amount released by human activity in half a day, not our entire history. In fact, in less than 3 days we outstrip the volcanic emissions for an entire year:
On average, humanity’s ceaseless emissions release an amount of CO2 comparable to the 0.01 gigaton of the 1980 Mount St. Helens paroxysm every 2.5 hours and the 0.05 gigaton of the 1991 Mount Pinatubo paroxysm every 12.5 hours. Every 2.7 days, they emit an amount comparable to the 0.26 gigaton preferred estimate for annual global volcanic CO2 emissions.
Annual CO2 emissions from human activity are greater even than what results from supereruptions, volcanic events which spew forth more than 450 cubic kilometers of magma......
Sadly Mark is one of those individuals that will in all likelihood spend the rest of his life living with a very treatable disorder - one that has quite a good prognosis when medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy are used concurrently. However, Mark's extreme paranoia combined with a somewhat phobic view of psychotropic medications in general makes the likelihood of Mark actually getting adequate treatment very unlikely. However, considering his dial diagnosis - with a secondary personality disorder no less - it's not exactly like therapy would be a cake walk. In general personality disorders can be quite thorny to deal with, and when considering his prognosis "globally", if you will, either way we'd be fighting an uphill battle. So, best to just let him keep making lots of noise. In a perverse way, it's in everyone's best interest.
But at the preliminary hearing, only the prosecution is allowed to call witnesses And so, the witnesses that are not called are not available for cross examination..... Bingo
Now, what would this have meant for SB700... - huh?
3:16 p.m. Officers were called to a report of an employee at a business in the 1800 block of Central Park Drive that was receiving prank phone calls. Juveniles were calling to ask if the store sold condoms. Police contacted the juveniles and told them to stop. The juveniles called the employee back and apologized... .. .. .. Huh.
Senator Lindsey Graham is a goddamn freak. I'm not kidding. Pay just a little attention to this a-hole and you will see I am right on target.
Last login: Tuesday, February 25, 2014
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