Monday Medical: Learn the signs of communication disorders | SteamboatToday.com

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Monday Medical: Learn the signs of communication disorders

Learn the signs of communication disorders

Speech and language

Signs of common speech and language disorders in adults and children between birth to 4 years of age, an important stage in early detection of communication disorders.

Children and youths

• Says only a few sounds, words or gestures (18 months to 2 years)

• Words aren’t understood (18 months to 2 years)

• Doesn’t combine words (starting at 2 years)

• Doesn’t interact socially (infancy and beyond)

• Doesn’t follow or understand what you say (starting at 1 year)

• Struggles to say sounds or words (3 to 4 years)

Adults

• Struggles to say sounds or words (stuttering)

• Repetition of words or parts of words (stuttering)

• Speaks in short, fragmented phrases (expressive aphasia)

• Says words in the wrong order (expressive aphasia)

• Struggles with both using words and understanding others (global aphasia)

• Difficulty imitating speech sounds, inconsistent errors, slow rate of speech (apraxia)

• “Slurred” speech (dysarthria)

• Slow or rapid rate of speech often with a “mumbling” quality (dysarthria)

Hearing loss

Signs of untreated hearing loss in adults, children and youths.

Children and youths

• Lack of attention to sounds

• Doesn’t follow simple directions

• Doesn’t respond when their name is called

• Delays in speech and language development

• Pulls or scratches at the ears

• Difficulty in all areas of academic achievement, especially reading and math

• Socially isolated and unhappy in school

• Persistent ear discomfort after exposure to loud noise (e.g., regular and constant listening to electronics at high volumes)

Adults

• Inattentiveness

• Buzzing or ringing in the ears

• Failure to respond to spoken words

• Persistent ear discomfort after exposure to loud noise (e.g., regular and constant listening to electronics at high volumes)

• Muffled hearing

• Constant frustration hearing spoken words and other sounds

• Avoiding conversation

• Social isolation

• Depression

For more information, visit http://www.identifythesigns.org.

Did you know that about 40 million Americans experience speech, language and/or hearing disorders, according to an estimate from the American Speech and Hearing Association? We often don't think about communication disorders unless we or someone we love experience it.