Jimmy Westlake's 2014 cosmic calendar of celestial events

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JANUARY

Date Local time Celestial event

Jan. 1 04:14 New moon

Jan. 1 Venus begins the month 15.9 degrees east of the sun

Jan. 1 14:00 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 221,700 miles)

Jan. 3 12:42 Quadrantid meteor shower (120 meteors per hour)

Jan. 3 22:59 Earth at perihelion (closest to sun: 0.9833 AU)

Jan. 5 12:49 *Jupiter at opposition (392-million miles from Earth)

Jan. 6 Comet ISON near star Polaris and visible all night

Jan. 7 20:39 First quarter moon

Jan. 11 05:25 Venus at inferior conjunction with the sun

Jan. 12 01:36 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (2.8 degrees south)

Jan. 15 18:53 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 252,500 miles)

Jan. 15 21:52 Full moon — Wolf Moon (smallest full moon of 2014)

Jan. 22 23:29 Moon close to planet Mars (3.9 degrees north)

Jan. 23 02:22 Moon close to bright star Spica before dawn (1.4 degrees south)

Jan. 23 22:19 Third quarter moon

Jan. 25 07:18 Moon very close to planet Saturn before dawn (0.6 degrees north)

Jan. 28 19:36 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (2.2 degrees north)

Jan. 30 02:58 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 221,800 miles)

Jan. 30 14:38 New moon

Jan. 31 02:59 Mercury at greatest elongation from sun (18.4 degrees east)

FEBRUARY

Date Local time Celestial event

Feb. 1 Venus begins the month 29.7 degrees west of the sun

Feb. 2 13:05 Mars close to bright star Spica (4.6 degrees north)

Feb. 6 12:22 1st quarter moon

Feb. 8 07:41 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (2.6 degrees south)

Feb. 11 22:09 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 252,300 miles)

Feb. 14 16:53 Full moon — Snow Moon

Feb. 15 13:13 Mercury at inferior conjunction with the sun

Feb. 19 07:54 Moon close to bright star Spica (1.7 degrees south)

Feb. 19 16:59 Moon close to planet Mars before dawn (3.3 degrees north)

Feb. 21 15:39 Moon close to planet Saturn before dawn (0.3 degrees north)

Feb. 22 10:15 Third quarter moon

Feb. 23 10:25 Neptune in conjunction with the sun

Feb. 25 22:23 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (0.4 degrees south)

Feb. 27 12:52 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 223,900 miles)

Feb. 27 14:24 Moon close to planet Mercury at dawn (2.8 degrees south)

MARCH

Date Local time Celestial event

March 1 01:00 New moon

March 1 Venus begins the month 44.5 degrees west of the sun

March 7 15:07 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran tonight (2.3 degrees south)

March 8 06:27 1st quarter moon

March 9 02:00 Daylight savings time begins

March 11 13:46 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,900 miles)

March 13 23:59 Mercury at greatest elongation from the sun (27.6 degrees west)

March 16 11:08 Full moon — Worm Moon

March 18 14:38 Moon close to bright star Spica (1.8 degrees south)

March 18 21:14 Moon close to planet Mars (3.4 degrees north)

March 20 10:57 Vernal equinox (spring begins in north hemisphere)

March 20 21:40 Moon close to planet Saturn after midnight (0.2 degrees north)

March 22 14:59 Venus at greatest elongation from the sun (46.6 degrees west)

March 23 19:46 Third quarter moon

March 26 09:06 Mars close to bright star Spica (4.8 degrees north)

March 27 03:52 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (3.6 degrees south)

March 27 12:30 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 227,100 miles)

March 27 Comet Holmes at perihelion

March 29 Comet Faye at perihelion

March 30 12:45 New moon

APRIL

Date Local time Celestial event

April 1 Venus begins the month 46.3 degrees west of the sun

April 2 00:39 Uranus in conjunction with the sun

April 4 00:52 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (2.1 degrees south)

April 7 02:31 First quarter moon

April 8 08:52 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,200 miles)

April 8 14:11 *Mars at opposition (57.7 million miles from Earth)

April 14 12:24 Moon close to planet Mars (3.7 degrees north)

April 14 21:56 Moon close to bright star Spica (1.8 degrees south)

April 15 01:42 Full moon — Easter Egg Moon

April 15 01:47 *Total lunar eclipse before dawn

April 17 01:42 Moon very close to planet Saturn (0.4 degrees north)

April 22 01:52 Third quarter moon

April 22 11:12 Lyrid meteor shower (20 meteors per hour)

April 22 18:27 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 229,700 miles)

April 25 17:16 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (4.5 degrees south)

April 25 21:07 Mercury at superior conjunction with the sun

April 29 00:04 Annular solar eclipse (visible in Australia and Antarctica)

April 29 00:14 New moon

MAY

Date Local time Celestial event

May 1 Venus begins the month 42.8 degrees west of the sun

May 1 09:51 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (2.1 degrees south)

May 5 00:26 Eta Aquarid meteor shower (60 meteors per hour)

May 6 04:22 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,100 miles)

May 6 21:15 First quarter moon

May 6 Comet LINEAR at Perihelion

May 10 11:50 *Saturn at opposition (828-million miles from Earth)

May 11 07:32 Moon close to planet Mars (3.2 degrees north)

May 12 06:47 Moon close to bright star Spica (1.8 degrees south)

May 14 06:41 Moon close to planet Saturn (0.6 degrees north)

May 14 13:16 Full moon — Milk Moon

May 18 05:58 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 228,000 miles)

May 21 06:59 Third quarter moon

May 24 01:00 *Possible strong meteor shower from Comet LINEAR

May 25 00:59 *Mercury at greatest elongation from sun (22.7 degrees east)

May 25 09:43 Moon very close to planet Venus before dawn (2.4 degrees south)

May 28 12:40 New moon

JUNE

Date Local time Celestial event

June 1 Venus begins the month 37 degrees west of the sun

June 1 Mercury in Gemini’s M35 star cluster at dusk

June 2 22:25 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,600 miles)

June 5 14:39 First quarter moon

June 7 18:44 Moon close to planet Mars (1.7 degrees north)

June 8 16:05 Moon close to bright star Spica (1.9 degrees south)

June 10 13:11 Moon close to planet Saturn (0.6 degrees north)

June 12 22:11 Full moon — Flower Moon

June 14 21:34 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth 224,900 miles)

June 15 05:54 Jupiter closest to bright stars Castor and Pollux (6.3 degrees south)

June 19 12:39 Third quarter moon

June 19 16:42 Mercury at inferior conjunction with the sun

June 21 04:52 Summer Solstice (summer begins in Northern Hemisphere)

June 23 07:00 Venus closest to Pleiades star cluster at dawn (5.7 degrees south)

June 24 06:54 Moon very close to planet Venus before dawn (1.4 degrees north)

June 25 00:22 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran at dawn (2.1 degrees south)

June 27 02:08 New moon

June 30 13:09 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth 252,100 miles)

JULY

Date Local time Celestial event

July 1 Venus begins the month 30.1 degrees west of the sun

July 1 09:08 Venus close to bright star Aldebaran at dawn (4.1 degrees north)

July 3 16:59 Earth at aphelion (farthest from sun 1.0167 AU)

July 5 05:59 First quarter moon

July 5 19:21 Moon very close to planet Mars (0.2 degrees south)

July 6 00:32 Moon close to bright star Spica (2.2 degrees south)

July 7 20:48 Moon very close to planet Saturn (0.4 degrees north)

July 12 05:25 Full moon — Thunder Moon

July 12 11:59 Mercury at greatest elongation from the sun (20.9 degrees west)

July 13 02:27 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 222,500 miles)

July 13 12:35 Mars closest to bright star Spica (1.3 degrees north)

July 16 12:21 Mercury and Venus close together in dawn sky (6.2 degrees north)

July 18 20:08 Third quarter moon

July 22 05:56 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran before dawn (2 degrees south)

July 24 12:16 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (4.9 degrees north)

July 24 13:32 Jupiter in conjunction with the sun

July 26 16:42 New moon

July 27 21:27 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 252,500 miles)

July 28 02:14 Delta Aquarid meteor shower (20 meteors per hour)

AUGUST

Date Local time Celestial event

Aug. 1 Venus begins the month 22.3 degrees west of the sun

Aug. 3 04:02 Moon close to planet Mars (2.4 degrees south)

Aug. 3 18:50 First quarter moon

Aug. 4 04:54 Moon close to planet Saturn before dawn (0.1 degrees north)

Aug. 6 16:31 Venus closest to bright stars Castor and Pollux (6.5 degrees south)

Aug. 8 10:05 Mercury at superior conjunction with the sun

Aug. 10 11:43 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 221,700 miles)

Aug. 10 12:09 Full moon — Green Corn Moon (largest full moon 2014)

Aug. 12 18:08 Perseid meteor shower (90 meteors per hour)

Aug. 17 06:26 Third quarter moon

Aug. 18 00:48 *Venus meets Jupiter in Beehive star cluster at dawn

Aug. 18 11:46 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran at dawn (1.7 degrees south)

Aug. 23 23:48 Moon close to planet Venus before dawn (6.3 degrees north)

Aug. 24 00:09 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 252,500 miles)

Aug. 25 08:13 New moon

Aug. 25 21:10 Mars passes closest to Saturn (3.4 degrees north)

Aug. 29 07:08 Neptune at opposition (2.7 billion miles from Earth)

Aug. 29 13:08 Moon close to bright star Spica (2.7 degrees south)

Aug. 31 13:21 Moon close to planets Saturn and Mars (4.4 degrees south)

SEPTEMBER

Date Local time Celestial event

Sept. 1 Venus begins the month 14.2 degrees west of the sun

Sept. 2 05:11 First quarter moon

Sept. 7 21:29 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 222,600 miles)

Sept. 8 19:38 Full moon — Fruit Moon

Sept. 14 19:01 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran at dawn (1.5 degrees south)

Sept. 15 20:05 Third quarter moon

Sept. 20 07:54 Mercury very close to bright star Spica (0.5 degrees south)

Sept. 20 08:22 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 252,000 miles)

Sept. 21 15:59 Mercury at greatest elongation from the sun (26.4 degrees east)

Sept. 22 20:30 Autumnal equinox (autumn begins in Northern Hemisphere)

Sept. 24 00:14 New moon

Sept. 25 18:48 Moon close to bright star Spica at dusk (2.8 degrees south)

Sept. 26 03:32 Moon close to planet Mercury at dusk (4.6 degrees south)

Sept. 27 22:46 Moon close to planet Saturn (0.8 degrees south)

Sept. 28 00:30 Mars close to bright star Antares (3.1 degrees north)

OCTOBER

Date Local time Celestial event

Oct. 1 Venus begins the month 6.4 degrees west of the sun

Oct. 1 13:33 First quarter moon

Oct. 6 03:41 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 225,200 miles)

Oct. 7 14:19 Uranus at opposition (1.8-billion miles from Earth)

Oct. 8 04:51 Full moon — Harvest Moon

Oct. 8 04:55 *Total lunar eclipse before dawn

Oct. 12 03:58 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran at dawn (1.4 degrees south)

Oct. 15 13:12 Third quarter moon

Oct. 16 14:32 Mercury at inferior conjunction with the sun

Oct. 18 00:05 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,500 miles)

Oct. 19 09:01 Comet Siding Spring passes 73,000 miles from Mars

Oct. 21 10:26 Orionid meteor shower (20 meteors per hour)

Oct. 23 15:45 *Partial solar eclipse this afternoon

Oct. 23 15:57 New moon

Oct. 25 00:55 Venus at superior conjunction with the sun

Oct. 25 10:04 Moon close to planet Saturn at dusk (1.1 degrees south)

Oct. 30 19:48 First quarter moon

NOVEMBER

Date Local time Celestial event

Nov. 1 Venus begins the month 2 degrees east of the sun

Nov. 1 04:59 Mercury at greatest elongation from the sun (18.7 degrees west)

Nov. 2 02:00 Daylight savings time ends

Nov. 2 17:21 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 228,500 miles)

Nov. 4 05:10 Mercury close to bright star Spica at dawn (4.2 degrees north)

Nov. 5 09:55 South Taurid meteor shower (10 meteors per hour)

Nov. 6 15:23 Full moon — Hunter’s Moon

Nov. 8 12:41 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (1.5 degrees south)

Nov. 12 09:11 North Taurid meteor shower (15 meteors per hour)

Nov. 14 08:16 Third quarter moon

Nov. 14 18:56 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,100 miles)

Nov. 17 15:29 Leonid meteor shower (15 meteors per hour)

Nov. 18 01:10 Saturn in conjunction with the sun

Nov. 22 05:32 New moon

Nov. 27 16:11 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth: 229,700 miles)

Nov. 29 03:06 First quarter moon

DECEMBER

Date Local time Celestial event

Dec. 1 Venus begins the month 9.3 degrees east of the sun

Dec. 5 21:35 Moon close to bright star Aldebaran (1.5 degrees south)

Dec. 6 05:27 Full moon — Long Night Moon

Dec. 8 02:37 Mercury superior conjunction

Dec. 12 16:02 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth: 251,300 miles)

Dec. 14 04:39 *Geminid meteor shower (120 meteors per hour)

Dec. 14 05:51 Third quarter moon

Dec. 19 13:55 Moon close to planet Saturn before dawn (1.6 degrees south)

Dec. 21 16:03 Winter solstice (winter begins in Northern Hemisphere)

Dec. 21 18:36 New moon

Dec. 22 13:00 Ursid meteor shower (10 meteor per hour)

Dec. 24 09:43 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth 226,600 miles)

Dec. 28 11:31 First quarter moon

*Denotes one of Westlake’s Top 10 Celestial Events of 2014

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