Cosmic calendar for 2010

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Jan. 2 at 1:59 p.m.: Earth at Perihelion (closest to sun at 91.9-million miles)

Jan. 3 at 12:05 p.m.: Quadrantid Meteor Shower (120 meteors/hour)

Jan. 3 at 8 p.m.: Mars 6 degrees North of moon

Jan. 4 at 12:02 p.m.: Mercury Inferior Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Jan. 7 at 3:40 a.m.: Third quarter moon

Jan. 11 at 5 a.m.: Moon passes 1/2 degree from star Antares in Scorpius (predawn sky)

Jan. 11 at 1:34 p.m.: Venus Superior Conjunction (moves into evening sky)

Jan. 15 at 12:07 a.m.: Annular Solar Eclipse (visible in East Africa, Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia)

Jan. 15 at 12:11 a.m.: New moon

Jan. 17 at 6 p.m.: Jupiter 5 degrees east of moon

Jan. 23 at 3:53 a.m.: First quarter moon

Jan. 26 at 9:59 p.m.: Mercury at Elongation 24.8 degrees west of sun (predawn sky)

Jan. 29 at 12:11 p.m.: Mars at Opposition (62-million miles from Earth)

Jan. 29 at 6 p.m.: Mars 6 degrees north of moon

Jan. 29 at 11:18 p.m.: Full moon (Wolf Moon, Snow Moon, Hunger Moon)

Feb. 2 at 11 p.m.: Saturn 10 degrees north of moon

Feb. 5 at 5:12 a.m.: Mars passes 3 degrees north of Beehive Star Cluster (M44) in Cancer

Feb. 5 at 4:49 p.m.: Third quarter moon

Feb. 7 at 11:29 a.m.: Moon passes 3 degrees west of star Antares in Scorpius (predawn sky)

Feb. 13 at 7:51 p.m.: New moon

Feb. 14 at 3:42 p.m.: Neptune Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Feb. 16 at 6 p.m.: Venus passes 1/2 degree from Jupiter low in southwest after sunset

Feb. 21 at 5:42 p.m.: First quarter moon

Feb. 25 at 8 p.m.: Mars 5 degrees north of moon (stars Castor and Pollux nearby)

Feb. 28 at 4:47 a.m.: Jupiter Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Feb. 28 at 9:38 a.m.: Full moon (Lenten Moon, Sap Moon, Crow Moon, Worm Moon)

March 1 at 9 p.m.: Saturn 8 degrees north of moon

March 7 at 8:42 a.m.: Third quarter moon

March 14 at 2 a.m.: Daylight saving time begins

March 14 at 7:05 a.m.: Mercury Superior Conjunction (moves into evening sky)

March 15 at 3:01 p.m.: New moon

March 17 at 12:23 a.m.: Uranus Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

March 20 at 11:32 a.m.: Vernal Equinox (Spring begins in Northerh Hemisphere)

March 21 at 5:54 p.m.: Saturn at Opposition (791-million miles from Earth)

March 23 at 5 a.m.: First quarter moon

March 24 at 5 a.m.: Comet Catalina passes 3 degrees north of M31, the Andromeda Galaxy

March 24 at 9 p.m.: Mars 7 degrees north of moon (stars Castor and Pollux nearby)

March 28 at 7 p.m.: Saturn 9 degrees north of moon

March 29 at 8:25 p.m.: Full moon (Egg Moon, Grass Moon, Easter Moon, Paschal Moon)

April 4 at 7:30 p.m.: Mercury passes 3 degrees north of Venus (evening sky)

April 6 at 3:37 a.m.: Third quarter moon

April 8 at 4:59 p.m.: Mercury at Elongation 19.3 degrees east of sun (evening sky)

April 11 at 5 a.m.: Jupiter 5 degrees south of moon

April 14 at 6:29 a.m.: New moon

April 15 at 8 p.m.: Mercury 2 degrees below moon, Venus 6 degrees east of moon

April 16 at 8 p.m.: Mars passes 1 degree north of Beehive Star Cluster (M44) in Cancer

April 16 at 8 p.m.: Moon 2 degrees beneath Pleiades Star Cluster (M45)

April 21 at 12:20 p.m.: First quarter moon

April 21 at 8 p.m.: Mars 5 degrees north of moon

April 22 at 10:35 a.m.: Lyrid Meteor Shower (20 per hour)

April 24 at 11:21 p.m.: Venus passes 3.5 degrees south of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45) in Taurus

April 25 at 9 p.m.: Saturn 10 degrees north of moon

April 28 at 6:18 a.m.: Full moon (Milk Moon, Planting Moon)

April 28 at 10:38 a.m.: Mercury Inferior Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

May 2 at 9 p.m.: Venus passes 6.4 degrees north of star Aldebaran in Taurus

May 4 at 11:50 p.m.: Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower (60 per hour)

May 5 at 10:15 p.m.: Third quarter moon

May 9 at 4 a.m.: Jupiter 5 degrees south of moon

May 13 at 7:04 p.m.: New moon

May 15 at 9 p.m.: Venus 4 degrees above moon (evening sky)

May 19 at 9 p.m.: Mars 5 degrees north of Moon

May 20 at 5:43 p.m.: First quarter moon

May 21 at 9 p.m.: Venus passes 1/2 degree north of M35 Star Cluster in Gemini

May 22 at 10 p.m.: Saturn 8 degrees north of moon

May 25 at 7:59 p.m.: Mercury at Elongation 25.1 degrees west of the sun (predawn sky)

May 27 at 5:07 p.m.: Full moon (Flower Moon, Rose Moon or Strawberry Moon)

May 27 at 10:30 p.m.: Moon 1 degree north of star Antares in Scorpius

June 4 at 4:13 p.m.: Third quarter moon

June 6 at 10 p.m.: Mars passes 3/4 degrees north of star Regulus in Leo (evening sky)

June 6 at 4 a.m.: Jupiter 6 degrees south of moon

June 8 at 10 p.m.: Venus passes 5 degrees south of star Pollux in Gemini (evening sky)

June 8 at 4 a.m.: Jupiter passes 1/2 degree south of Uranus in Pisces

June 9 at 3:46 p.m.: Comet McNaught passes 1.5 degrees from star cluster M34 in Perseus

June 12 at 5:15 a.m.: New moon

June 14 at 10 p.m.: Venus 4 degrees above moon (evening sky)

June 16 at 10 p.m.: Mars 9 degrees north of moon, moon 5 degrees south of star Regulus in Leo

June 18 at 10 p.m.: Saturn 8 degrees north of moon

June 18 at 10:30 p.m.: First quarter moon

June 19 at 10 p.m.: Venus passes 3/4 degrees north of Beehive Star Cluster (M35) in Cancer

June 21 at 5:28 a.m.: Summer Solstice (Summer begins in Northern Hemisphere)

June 21 at 3 a.m.: Comet McNaught 1/2 degree from star Capella in Auriga (predawn sky)

June 24 at 11 p.m.: Moon 4 degrees west of star Antares in Scorpius

June 26 at 5:30 a.m.: Full moon (Hay Moon, Thunder Moon)

June 26 at 5:39 a.m.: Partial lunar eclipse at dawn (Moon sets during eclipse for Colorado)

June 28 at 5:49 a.m.: Mercury Superior Conjunction (moves into evening sky)

July 3 at 4 a.m.: Jupiter 8 degrees south of moon

July 4 at 8:35 a.m.: Third quarter moon

July 4 at 9:30 p.m.: Comet McNaught 0.1 degrees from star Castor in Gemini (evening sky)

July 6 at 7:59 a.m.: Earth at Aphelion (farthest from sun at 95.1 million miles)

July 6 at 9:30 p.m.: Comet McNaught 3/4 degrees from star Pollux in Gemini (evening sky)

July 8 at 3:30 a.m.: Moon 2.5 degrees east of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45) in Taurus

July 9 at 10 p.m.: Venus passes 1 degrees north of star Regulus in Leo (evening sky)

July 11 at 1:34 p.m.: Total solar eclipse (visible from South Pacific, tip of South America)

July 11 at 1:40 p.m.: New moon

July 13 at 9 p.m.: Mercury passes 1/2 degree north of Beehive Star Cluster (M35) in Cancer

July 14 at 9:30 p.m.: Venus 7 degree north of Moon (evening sky), Mars and Saturn nearby

July 15 at 9:30 p.m.: Mars 7 degrees north of moon (evening sky), Venus and Saturn nearby

July 16 at 9:30 p.m.: Saturn 10 degrees north of moon (evening sky), Venus and Mars nearby

July 18 at 4:11 a.m.: First quarter moon

July 21 at 10 p.m.: Moon 5 degrees east of star Antares in Scorpius

July 25 at 7:37 p.m.: Full moon (Grain Moon, Green Corn Moon)

July 27 at 9 p.m.: Mercury passes 1/2 degree south of star Regulus in Leo (evening sky)

July 28 at 1:38 a.m.: Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower (20 per hour)

July 30 at 9:30 p.m.: Mars passes 2 degrees south of Saturn (evening sky), Venus nearby

July 30 at 11 p.m.: Jupiter 6 degrees south of moon

Aug. 2 at 10:59 p.m.: Third quarter moon

Aug. 4 at 4 a.m.: Moon passes 4 degrees north of the Pleiades Star Cluster (M45) in Taurus

Aug. 6 at 6:59 p.m.: Mercury at Elongation 27.4 degrees east of the sun (evening sky)

Aug. 7 at 10 p.m.: Venus passes 2.8 degrees south of Saturn, Mars 4.8 degrees to the east

Aug. 9 at 9:08 p.m.: New moon

Aug. 10 at 9 p.m.: Venus 3.8 degrees east of Saturn and 3.8 degrees west of Mars, Mercury 19 degrees to the west

Aug. 11 at 9 p.m.: Mercury 3 degrees north of moon, Venus, Saturn and Mars nearby to the east

Aug. 12 at 2 a.m.: Perseid Meteor Shower (90 per hour) peaks before dawn

Aug. 12 at 9 p.m.: Moon, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Mercury cluster in evening sky

Aug. 13 at 9 p.m.: Moon, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Mercury cluster in evening sky

Aug. 16 at 12:14 p.m.: First quarter moon

Aug. 17 at 5:07 p.m.: Moon passes 2 degrees north of star Antares in Scorpius (evening sky)

Aug. 18 at 10:15 p.m.: Venus passes 2 degrees south of Mars (evening sky)

Aug. 19 at 7:59 p.m.: Venus at Elongation 46 degrees east of the sun (evening sky)

Aug. 20 at 2:37 a.m.: Neptune at Opposition (2.70-billion miles from Earth)

Aug. 24 at 11:05 a.m.: Full moon (Fruit Moon)

Aug. 26 at 10 p.m.: Jupiter 6 degrees south of moon

Aug. 31 at 8:30 p.m.: Venus passes 1 degree south of star Spica in Virgo (evening sky)

Sept. 1 at 11:22 a.m.: Third quarter moon

Sept. 3 at 6:29 a.m.: Mercury Inferior Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Sept. 5 at 11:03 a.m.: Mars passes 2.1 degrees north of star Spica in Virgo, Venus 4 degrees to the east

Sept. 8 at 4:30 a.m.: New moon

Sept. 10 at 8 p.m.: Moon joins Venus, Mars and star Spica after sunset

Sept. 13 at 9 p.m.: Moon 3 degrees west of star Antares in Scorpius (evening sky)

Sept. 14 at 11:50 p.m.: First quarter moon

Sept. 19 at 10:59 a.m.: Mercury at Elongation 17.9 degrees west of the sun (morning sky)

Sept. 20 at 10 p.m.: Jupiter passes 3/4 degrees south of Uranus in Pisces

Sept. 21 at 6:11 a.m.: Jupiter at Opposition (368-million miles from Earth)

Sept. 21 at 10:42 a.m.: Uranus Opposition (1.78-billion miles from Earth)

Sept. 22 at 9:09 p.m.: Autumnal Equinox (Autumn begins in Northern Hemisphere)

Sept. 22 at 8 p.m.: Jupiter 6 degrees south of moon

Sept. 23 at 3:17 a.m.: Full moon (Harvest Moon)

Sept. 30 at 6:18 p.m.: Saturn Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Sept. 30 at 9:52 p.m.: Third quarter moon

Oct. 7 at 12:44 p.m.: New moon

Oct. 9 at 9:50 a.m.: Venus 5 degrees below moon, Mars 4 degrees above moon (evening sky)

Oct. 11 at 8:39 a.m.: Moon 5 degrees north of star Antares in Scorpius (evening sky)

Oct. 14 at 3:27 p.m.: First quarter moon

Oct. 16 at 6:35 p.m.: Mercury Superior Conjunction (moves into evening sky)

Oct. 19 at 8 p.m.: Jupiter 6 degrees south of moon

Oct. 21 at 9:50 a.m.: Orionid Meteor Shower (20 per hour)

Oct. 22 at 7:36 p.m.: Full moon (Hunter’s Moon, Frosty Moon, Beaver Moon)

Oct. 28 at 7:03 p.m.: Venus Inferior Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Oct. 30 at 6:46 a.m.: Third quarter moon

Nov. 4: Deep Impact spacecraft passes by Comet Hartley 2

Nov. 5 at 9:18 a.m.: South Taurid Meteor Shower (10 per hour)

Nov. 5 at 9:52 p.m.: New moon

Nov. 7 at 2 a.m.: Daylight saving time ends

Nov. 12 at 8:34 a.m.: North Taurid Meteor Shower (15 per hour)

Nov. 13 at 9:38 a.m.: First quarter moon

Nov. 15 at 8 p.m.: Jupiter 7 degrees south of moon

Nov. 17 at 10:32 a.m.: Venus passes 4 degrees south of star Spica in Virgo (predawn sky)

Nov. 17 at 2:52 p.m.: Leonid Meteor Shower (15 per hour)

Nov. 20 at 5:15 p.m.: Mercury passes 1.7 degrees north of Mars low in southwest after sunset

Nov. 21 at 10:27 a.m.: Full moon (Long Night Moon, Moon Before Yule)

Nov. 28 at 1:37 p.m.: Third quarter moon

Dec. 1 at 8:59 a.m.: Mercury at Elongation 21.5 degrees east of the sun (evening sky)

Dec. 2 at 6 a.m.: Venus 6.6 degrees north of moon (predawn sky)

Dec. 5 at 10:36 a.m.: New moon

Dec. 13 at 6:59 a.m.: First quarter moon

Dec. 13 at 6 p.m.: Jupiter 7 degrees south of moon

Dec. 14 at 4:02 a.m.: Geminid Meteor Shower (120 per hour) peaks before dawn

Dec. 18 at 7:55 p.m.: Moon passes 2 degrees south of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45) in Taurus

Dec. 19 at 6:15 p.m.: Mercury Inferior Conjunction (moves into morning sky)

Dec. 21 at 1:13 a.m.: Full moon (Blue Moon-4th Full Moon of Autumn)

Dec. 21 at 1:18 a.m.: Total lunar eclipse in Gemini before dawn (near M35 star cluster)

Dec. 21 at 4:38 p.m.: Winter Solstice (Winter begins in Northern Hemisphere)

Dec. 22 at noon: Ursid Meteor Shower (10 per hour)

Dec. 27 at 9:18 p.m.: Third quarter moon

Dec. 29 at 7 p.m.: Jupiter passes 0.07 degrees north of star 20 Piscium in Pisces (use binoculars)

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