At a glance
- The group: The Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now is running voter registration drives in 17 states this year. It registered 1.2 million people to vote in 2004.
- The trouble: Elections officials say they found invalid addresses and forged signatures on voter registration cards submitted by ACORN.
- The success: ACORN has won lawsuits to reduce what the group sees as voting obstacles for the poor.
- For more: Ohio secretary of state
Columbus, Ohio An advocacy group that registered more than a million voters two years ago is wrestling with new allegations of voter fraud and sloppy work just weeks before crucial midterm elections.
In Philadelphia, the city's voter registration office has rejected about 3,000 cards submitted by the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now since April because of missing information or invalid addresses.
Election officials in three of Ohio's largest counties have cited problems with hundreds of voter registration cards. ACORN is accused of submitting cards with nonexistent addresses, forged signatures and, in one case, for someone who died seven years ago.
"In my opinion, there's a lot of words but little action in terms of fixing the problem," said Matt Damschroder, elections board director in Franklin County in Ohio.
County election officials in Denver forwarded about 200 cards to the secretary of state's office after discovering identical handwriting on signatures. Colorado officials investigated similar problems two years ago.
ACORN, which has about 220,000 members nationally, registered 1.2 million people to vote in 2004 and is running voter registration drives in 17 states this year.
The nonprofit dispatches workers and volunteers to poor neighborhoods, gas stations, courthouses and other places to sign up new voters.
Voter registration has become a battle cry for parties and advocacy groups in recent years. Democrats hope to regain control of the U.S. House and narrow or erase the GOP majority in the Senate on Nov. 7.
ACORN also was accused of fraud in 2004 in Ohio, Florida, Minnesota, North Carolina and Virginia, and in 2003 in Missouri.
Prosecution is rare, and federal lawsuits against the group were dismissed in Florida. ACORN says it's working to reduce problems, and officials promise to fire any workers found committing fraud.
"We'll continue to personally encourage people to register to vote and exercise their franchise, and we're going to continue to stand up for people's voter rights," said Kevin Whelan, a spokesman for the New Orleans-based group.
Such statements do little to appease critics. Even groups supporting the organization's efforts question why fraud allegations keep cropping up.
"They're sort of their own worst enemy," said Bill Faith, who directs Ohio's largest homeless advocacy group and shares many of ACORN's goals.
"They want low-income people to register to vote but because of the kind of problems that come from their program, it provokes a reaction from the Legislature that actually makes it harder to run such programs," Faith said.
The Denver Election Commission says it's been unsuccessful in working with ACORN to reduce problems with voter registration cards.
ACORN says it meets regularly with election officials to address concerns.
"We hold our workers to a very high standard, we ensure they make every vote count and we're going to continue to do that work," said Ben Hanna, head organizer in Colorado.
In Ohio, prosecutors are looking at almost 400 cards that the Franklin County elections board says included already registered voters or people with the wrong address.
The elections board is also looking at hundreds of other ACORN cards with alleged irregularities. The Hamilton County board is concerned about errors and missing information on hundreds of ACORN cards, while problems with about a dozen cards were reported in Summit County.
Meanwhile, ACORN continues its largely successful legal campaign to reduce voting obstacles for the poor. In September, a federal judge in Ohio threw out a requirement that individuals who register voters - instead of groups - must turn in the completed forms, in a lawsuit brought by ACORN and other voting rights groups.
ACORN won a preliminary victory Thursday in a similar suit against Georgia's voter registration laws. It won a similar case in Washington state this year and in Maryland last year.
ACORN employee Carlos McCoy recently stood in a steady rain outside the Franklin County Courthouse, politely but assertively asking person after person if they were registered to vote.
Only 17, McCoy has worked at similar jobs since 2004. The high school senior spent a few days registering voters for $9 an hour before school started.
He attributes problems with other ACORN workers to inexperience and asking the wrong questions. He says he took the job for the money but also because he likes being involved in politics and community organizing. A resident of the city's poor south side, he says the work affects his life.
"You want where you live to be taken care of," McCoy said.